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Chōzuya (手 水 舎) or Temizuya is a basin located at the entrance of Buddhist or Shinto temples, used for purification.
In fact Chōzuya refers to the small pavilion, usually in wood, open on the sides where the basin is located.
The purification ceremony consists of washing the left hand, the right hand and the mouth using a small ladle. This ritual also exists in Shintoism where originally purification was carried out using a water source or a river.